Regular exercise, no doubt, has benefits for your overall health. But it is even more important for the management of chronic diseases such as hypertension. So how does exercising regularly or staying physically active benefit individuals with hypertension? Do aerobic and anaerobic exercises have different effects on hypertension? Let’s understand what aerobic and anaerobic exercises are and their impact on hypertension.
Hypertension or high blood pressure is a chronic condition where your blood pressure is constantly higher than normal (> 120/80 mm Hg). For most individuals, there is no identifiable cause for hypertension, whereas in some it is caused due to an underlying medical condition such as congenital defects or thyroid problems. In others, hypertension may develop due to an unhealthy lifestyle.
Longstanding or uncontrolled hypertension can cause damage to the blood vessels and affect the functioning of your vital organs such as the heart and kidneys. Making healthy lifestyle changes is an effective way to manage hypertension. This includes having a heart-healthy diet, maintaining an ideal weight, and exercising regularly.
Regular exercise makes your heart healthier. A strong heart can pump blood more efficiently, reducing the force of blood in the arteries and thereby lowering your BP. Staying physically active also helps you attain a healthy body weight, which is a major factor when it comes to maintaining healthy blood pressure.
You can choose any exercise, aerobic or anaerobic, for staying physically active. Read on to understand the role of aerobic and anaerobic exercises in the management of hypertension.
Any form of exercise includes some aerobic and anaerobic activities.
These exercises are called “aerobic” (with oxygen) because they are fueled by the oxygen you get from breathing and elevate the amount of oxygen in your blood. These exercises are also called cardiovascular conditioning or simply “cardio”.
These exercises include endurance activities that can raise your heart and breathing rate for a relatively long duration. Activities such as jogging, running, dancing, brisk walking, swimming, and cycling are aerobic exercises.
These exercises are called “anaerobic” (without oxygen) because your body does not need oxygen to keep your muscles going and instead uses the energy stored in your muscles for these exercises.
These exercises involve short bursts of intense activity and include weight lifting and high-intensity interval training (HIIT).
Generally speaking, aerobic exercises help build endurance, whereas anaerobic exercise helps increase your muscle mass and strength. Read on to understand how these exercises impact Hypertension.
Here are some safety tips to keep in mind while exercising with hypertension:
Apart from this, work out with a partner to make exercising more fun and to stay motivated. Further, remember to fix a time every day for exercise on your schedule so you do not put it off.
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