What is the Best Treatment for Type 2 Diabetes?

Dr. Pakhi Sharma, MBBSGeneral Physician, 6+ Years
Published On : 8-Apr-2022Read Time : 3 minutes
share icon

Did you know that 1 in 10 adults around the world has diabetes? Type 2 diabetes is perhaps one of the most common lifestyle diseases in the world, and it can lead to severe health risks if left untreated. So let’s get to know more about the best treatment options available for managing Type 2 Diabetes.   


  • What is Type 2 Diabetes? 
  • Can Effective Diabetes Treatment Prevent Complications? 
  • What Does Type 2 Diabetes Treatment Include? 
  • Is There a Cure for Type 2 Diabetes? 
  • Don’t Have Time To Read? 
  • FAQs 

What is Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 Diabetes is a lifelong metabolic disorder that occurs when your cells are unable to utilize the insulin produced by your pancreas. This is called insulin resistance. When your cells and tissues become insulin resistant, they are unable to use insulin to take up the glucose (sugar) present in your bloodstream. This is the reason for the characteristic high blood sugar levels in diabetes. 

The risk factors for Type 2 Diabetes include an unhealthy diet, lack of physical activity, being obese or overweight, stress, smoking, alcohol consumption, etc. 

Can Effective Diabetes Treatment Prevent Complications?

Type 2 Diabetes treatment includes lowering your blood sugar levels and improving insulin sensitivity. Over time, uncontrolled high blood glucose levels can damage the blood vessels that supply blood to major organs. Poor glycaemic control can cause several complications like heart disease, stroke, kidney damage, vision problems, nerve damage and pain, etc. Controlling your diabetes and blood sugar levels can help lower your risk of developing these complications.

What Does Type 2 Diabetes Treatment Include?

Several aspects of your life have an effect on your blood sugar levels, so Type 2 diabetes mellitus treatment includes managing all of these aspects of your life along with taking medicines.  


Diet changes

Your diet is perhaps the most important part of managing your blood sugar levels. Eating foods with added sugars, simple carbohydrates, high-fat content, etc., can worsen your condition. Including fresh fruits and vegetables, protein, fiber, and foods with a low glycaemic index can help you better manage your condition.


Regular exercise

Regular physical activity can lower your blood sugar levels and improve insulin sensitivity. When you exercise, the excess glucose in your blood is used up to provide your body with energy, which in turn stabilises your blood sugar levels. At least 30 minutes of moderate exercise every day can help you lower your risks of diabetic complications. Exercise helps you lose weight, which can improve insulin sensitivity. 


Oral medications

Oral hypoglycemic medications are the tablets that are prescribed by your doctor to lower and manage your blood sugar levels. When taken regularly and as prescribed, oral medications are an effective way to maintain good glycaemic control. 



Supplemental insulin injections are prescribed by your doctor when oral medications are ineffective in lowering your blood sugar levels. Insulin helps your cells take in the glucose from your bloodstream and use it for generating energy. Insulin is one of the most effective prescription medications for lowering blood sugar levels.


Stress management

Your body releases a hormone called cortisol when you’re stressed. When cortisol levels are high for a long time, it causes a spike in your blood sugar levels and lowers your insulin levels. Long-term stress can also lead to unhealthy coping methods like binge-eating, lack of exercise, alcohol consumption, smoking, etc., which can aggravate your diabetes.



Type 2 Diabetes and insomnia are very closely linked. Unstable blood sugar levels can affect the quality of your sleep. Getting less than 7 to 9 hours of sleep every night can cause you to feel tired the next day and thereby, raise your blood sugar levels. Due to this, you may start feeling hungry and eat more food which can cause weight gain.

Is There a Cure for Type 2 Diabetes?

Currently, there is no cure for Type 2 Diabetes, but it can be effectively managed or put into remission with medicines and lifestyle changes. Remission is a state where you require fewer medications to maintain normal blood sugar levels.  

Don’t Have Time To Read?

  • Type 2 diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder that causes high blood sugar levels and insulin resistance in your cells.
  • Managing your diabetes and maintaining normal blood sugar levels can help you avoid complications like heart disease, stroke, kidney damage, vision problems, nerve damage and pain, etc.
  • Type 2 diabetes management includes a healthy and well-balanced diet, regular exercise, oral medications, insulin, stress management and good sleep.
  • Type 2 diabetes cannot be cured, but can be put into remission with effective management.
  • Use the Phable Care App to consult India’s leading diabetologists, order medicines, book lab tests, integrate blood sugar monitoring and other devices to get real-time remote care from the comfort of your home. Also, check out our Diabetes Management program which provides ‎360º care. Let's treat diabetes together.

Frequently Asked Questions

Related Blogs

Understanding Normal Blood Sugar Levels in Adults

Understanding Normal Blood Sugar Levels in Adults

Find out what are considered normal blood sugar levels for adults, target blood sugar levels in diabetics, pregnant women, children, and much more.

Read Now  Read more
How to Manage Diabetes During Festivals in India?

How to Manage Diabetes During Festivals in India?

Festivals come with delicacies often off-limits for diabetics. Is it possible for diabetics to engage in the festivities without compromising their health?

Read Now  Read more
Exercise for Diabetes: How and What to do?

Exercise for Diabetes: How and What to do?

No matter your health condition, exercise can usually help make it better. However, which exercises are good for diabetes? How long should a diabetic work out daily? Know all this and more!

Read Now  Read more